Ubuntu Linux includes X.org
Since Ubuntu\’s public announcement in September one of the most commonly asked questions has been \”does it have X.Org?\”. Until now, the answer was no. Rather the Ubuntu Linux desktop was based on XFree86 4.3.0, with some 320 000 lines of patches.
Today, however, the Ubuntu team announced the release of X.org packages in the Hoary tree. The X.org packages are immediately available to users that want to upgrade to the Hoary tree. For other users X.org will be likely be included in the scheduled April 2005 release of the next version of Ubuntu.
The Ubuntu team today said that for the last two weeks, Fabio Massimo Di Nitto and Daniel Stone have been working on the inclusion of X.org in Ubuntu. The release packages include support for the AMD64, i386 and PowerPC architectures.
Daniel Stone said today that the release of X.org for Ubuntu \”brings many new features, and hopefully even more hardware support than before. This represents one of the most significant core package updates we have ever tried in Ubuntu, and is the result of weeks of work.\”
To upgrade, you must be running the Hoary tree. To upgrade to X.org run Smart Upgrade in Synaptic or sudo apt-get dist-upgrade from the command line. The next time you restart GDM (either by running sudo /etc/init.d/gdm restart, which will kill
your active session, or by restarting the machine), you will be running the X.Org X server.
Stone warned, however, that this release \”represents the first public release of these packages, and as such there will no doubt be bugs to be found. In particular, people using ATI chipsets may experience X server crashes when the resolution given in the configuration file is incorrect; also, use of Synaptic may cause a very loud error about the locale being
unknown. Copy and paste between some GTK1 applications (e.g. emacs) is known to be problematic.\”
This release also includes the Composite extension, which enables true transparency and Expos-like functionality. The inclusion of Composite is, however, still experimental and is disabled by default. To enable Composite add the following to the /etc/X11/xorg.conf file:
Option \”Composite\” \”Enabled\”
Using Composite may cause random crashes and is still sluggish, however. \”This is not an Ubuntu-specific problem: it is an architectural problem with the current X.Org server,\” said Stone.